The story of the gradual assimilation of the western musical instrument piano into the cultural fabric of the city of Calcutta. Through the piano the Bengali learnt to appreciate the nuances of western music. He imbibed western ideas into Indian musical compositions. He also experimented to adapt 'ragas' to the well tempered scale of the piano. As the piano proliferated in the city, the support system to maintain the pianos in tune also grew stronger. The grand instrument found its place in Indian homes, churches, schools, clubs, playhouses, cinemas and Indian literature.